Context and Objectives
The plans for this team aim to "open the black box of diversity" in order to enhance the efficiency of selection so that varieties with a high economic and ecological performance can be proposed. Indeed, it is crucial to world food supplies, and to the competitiveness of French production, to increase yields in a context of more unfavourable climate change, while at the same time maintaining end-use value in sustainable production systems. To achieve this, it is essential to mobilise all the genetic resources that are still generally under-exploited, and to adapt or develop selection methods that will accelerate genetic progress. The plans comprise three themes: the first aims to broaden genetix diversity through inter-species crossings. The second theme aims to develop methodologies specific to exploring this diversity and its related characterisation data with a view to a genomic selection program. And the ultimate objective is being to integrate these results in real-size applied programmes for the breeding of new varieties.